There are those folks who believe in pre-processing images rather than using editing software to post-process them. They say that this is true photography and knowledge on pre-processing actually makes great photographers.
Always Use the Rule of Thirds
The rule of thirds suggests that you draw four imaginary lines across your supposed photo in a two by two grid pattern thus creating total of nine even squares. Now while some images look good with the focus at the centre but often times placing subjects off centre allows for more aesthetic pictures. Using the rule of thirds forces the eye of the observer to wander the photograph and is therefore more pleasing to the eye.
Every photographer tends to deal with blurring of image or camera shakes. There are ways to avoid it though. Prime among them is learning correctly how to hold your camera. Often using both hands with a firm grip, one on the lens and another around the body is sufficient enough. Remember to place your hands close to your body though as this stabilizes your hands further. Next, if you happen to use a 100mm lens then remember to synchronize your shutter speed to no less than 1/100th of a second. Wherever possible try using tripods and monopods or even a wall, tree – some support structure.
The 16 Sunny Rule
This rule suggests that when you have sufficient sunlight and are doing outdoor photography, take the same click using an aperture of f/16 as well as f/100. One of the two will always be sharp and perfect. But if you have a light meter then you don’t need to take two pictures.
Use a Polarizing Filter
Buying lens filters always allows you to do amazing things. But they are expensive just as lenses are. However, try and get a polarizing filter. This helps remove reflections from images. Any surface that reflects such as glass, metal or even water is taken care of with a polarizing filter and this can actually improve the colours in your picture while also protecting the lens.
Make Your Sense of Depth
Photographing landscapes is fun and really quick way to learn photography. Play with the sense of depth to get the perfect click. Use wide-angle for a more panoramic view as well as lower apertures to ensure the entire background and foreground remains as sharp as possible. Using an object up close to the lens helps with the perception of depth in the image.